This guide is a general overview of how to cite common types of sources using the two versions of Chicago style for student writing.
The Chicago Manual of Style consists of two basic documentation styles:
Notes-Bibliography (NB)is common in art history, theology, history, and other humanities disciplines
NB format uses footnotes and endnotes with a bibliography at the end of the document to record sources
Author-Date (AD) is sometimes used in the social sciences
In the Author-Date system, sources are cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author's last name and date of publication and expanded upon in a list of references at the end of the document, where full bibliographic information is provided.
- Chicago Manual of StyleThe Chicago Manual of Style Online is completely searchable and easy to use, providing quick answers to your style and editing questions. The Chicago Manual of Style Online also provides convenient Tools, such as sample forms, letters, and style sheets.
Example 1 – Print
N: 1. Lindsey Bingley, "From Overalls to Aprons? The Paid and Unpaid Labour of Southern Alberta Women, 1939-1959" (master's thesis, University of Lethbridge, 2006), 58.
B: Bingley, Lindsey. "From Overalls to Aprons? The Paid and Unpaid Labour of Southern Alberta Women,
1939-1959." Master's thesis, University of Lethbridge, 2006.
Example 2 – Online (Commercial Database)
N: 1. Libra Rose Hilde, "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American Civil War" (PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003), 295, ProQuest (3091579).
B: Hilde, Libra Rose. "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American
Civil War." PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003. ProQuest (3091579).
Example 3 – Online (Institutional Repository)
N: 1. Ishida, Hiroshi. "A Geography of Contemporary Maori Agriculture." (PhD diss., University of Auckland, 1966), 110-16, https://researchspace.auckland.ac.nz/handle/2292/2489.
B: Hiroshi Ishida, "A Geography of Contemporary Maori Agriculture" PhD diss., University of Auckland,