Usage Of Water Essay Conclusion



       With two thirds of the earth's surface covered by water and the human body consisting of 75 percent of it, it is evidently clear that water is one of the prime elements responsible for life on earth. Water circulates through the land just as it does through the human body, transporting, dissolving, replenishing nutrients and organic matter, while carrying away waste material. Further in the body, it regulates the activities of fluids, tissues, cells, lymph, blood and glandular secretions.

       An average adult body contains 42 litres of water and with just a small loss of 2.7 litres he or she can suffer from dehydration, displaying symptoms of irritability, fatigue, nervousness, dizziness, weakness, headaches and consequently reach a state of pathology. Dr F. Batmanghelidj, in his book 'your body's many cries for water', gives a wonderful essay on water and its vital role in the health of a water 'starved' society. He writes: "Since the 'water' we drink provides for cell function and its volume requirements, the decrease in our daily water intake affects the efficiency of cell a result chronic dehydration causes symptoms that equal disease..."


       Water has been used since antiquity as a symbol by which to express devotion and purity. Some cultures, like the ancient Greeks, went as far as to worship gods who were thought to live in and command the waters. Whole cities have been build by considering the location and availability of pure drinking water. The place of gathering was around the wells, which is perhaps the following trend in building fountains in the middle of  piazzas.

       Traditional and modern medicine have been makings use of the psychological and physiological diverse properties of water, in all forms of hydrotherapy (composite Greek word: hydro, of water and therapy, . We all know of the simple, yet effective, calming qualities of a warm bath or the invigorating qualities of a cold shower. For centuries,  numerous healing springs located all around the world have been recognised for their benefits. The famous Belgium spas in the Ardennes is a fine example. Historical records of these cold springs claim 'cures' since the fourteenth century. The hot Californian spas, the healing spas of Loutraki in Greece, the Dalhousie hot springs in the border of South Australia and Northern Territory, Moree in NSW, Hepburn mineral spas in Victoria are just a few examples.


       Contrary to the past, our recent developed technological society has become indifferent to this miracle of life. Our natural heritage (rivers, seas and oceans) has been exploited, mistreated and contaminated.

       The population decline of the marine and riparian life, the appearance of green algae in the rivers and the stench and slime that comes as a result of putrefaction in the water, are clear signs of the depth and extent of disruption that has been caused to this intricate ecosystem (a composite Greek word: eco, home and systema, a combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole). Government bodies and water authorities will have us believe that it is 'safe' and we should not worry about this global alarm. Awareness and action lies entirely upon us, as we need to become our own educators, physicians and innovators. Socrates had once said: "an unexamined life is not worth living....", Jesus took it a step further: "seek, and you shall find......the truth shall set you free..." So questioning everything and anything that anyone tells you until it makes sense, is of uppemost importance. If it is the truth it will feel right, set you free and lead you on the road of discovery and recovery.


       Our drinking water today, far from being pure, contains some two hundred deadly commercial chemicals. Add to that bacteria, viruses, inorganic minerals (making the water hard) and you have a chemical cocktail that is unsuitable (if not deadly) for human consumption. John Archer in his book 'THE WATER YOU DRINK, HOW SAFE IS IT ?' refers to an estimate of 60,000 tonnes of fifty different chemicals being deliberately added annually to Australia's water. Some of these are:

       chlorine: studies1 indicate that chlorine is involved in heart disease, hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis), anaemia, high blood pressure, allergies and cancers2 of the bladder, stomach, liver and rectum. Further, chlorine can destroy protein in the body and cause adverse effects on the skin and hair. The US COUNCIL of environmental quality states that  cancer risk among people drinking chlorinated water is 93% higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine". Chlorine binds and reacts with many other chemicals, forming carcinogens like Trihallomethanes3 (THMs), with chloroform being the most common one. Furthermore, recent real life evidence in the tap water of Sydney shows that certain viruses and parasites, like giardia and cryptosporidium, are being resistant to chlorine and can survive the long journey from the sewage treatment to your tap. That makes chlorination a even more pointless and dangerous practice.

       Giardia and cryptosporidium are protosoa (unicellular organisms) parasitic to the intestines of animals and humans. Once in the body, these parasites then multiply and cause the respective infections of giardiasis and cryptosporidosis, which contribute or are associated to enteric (intestinal) diseases. Other than food, these parasites are transmited from contaminated drinking water.   These infested waters are today in most major cities which is a direct result of  the unsuccsessful treatment of recycled sewage effluent. These parasites initially venture their way into the sewage effluent, from Hospitals, abattoir and farms waste, which  contain blood, intestines and faeces.  While immunocompitend (the ability to develope an immune response) people may remain asymptomatic (presenting no symptons) by ingestion of this parasites, immunocompromised (ie malnutrition Cancer and Aids) patients are at risk.  U.S Health Officials estimate 900,000 people each year become ill, and possibly 900 die from waterborne disease4. Notable outbreaks occured in Milwauke, Wisconsin, in 1993 when over 400,000 people became ill after drinking water contaminated with the parasite. Symptoms associated with the infection of this parasites are, mild to profuse debilitating diarrhoea, lassitude, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting with consequent loss of appetite and fever. The threat and danger of outbreaks similar to the dreaded great London epidemic in 1854 (were cholera due to contaminated water took the life of many unaware citizens) is now once again at our door step and unless drastic precautions are taken on these early sign's we could be expecting disasters of great magnitude (in the apocalipse it states, that one third of the waters will be contaminated, could this be it?). For now it is about  time that water authorities admit to their erroneous ways and start looking for alternatives to maintain and preserve water safety and quality. Water is a living substance and as such it needs the same treatment as all other living forms (poisons can not purify). Germany has been for long now pumping oxygen in its rivers and lakes in an attempt to revitalise its nearly dead waters, while Switzerland is experimenting with ozone treatments.

       aluminium sulphate: that is added to clarify water, has long been associated with memory loss, possibly Alzheimers disease and is believed to increase cardiovascular disease.

       sodium fluoride: this is not a water treatment and was initially added as a supplement to 'assumingly' prevent tooth decay5 in children. Its toxicity is high enough that in larger concentrations can be used as a pesticide and rat killer. In humans it can be damaging to the heart, lungs, liver, cause genetic mutations and have long term negative effects on enzyme production and the efficiency of the immune system. In the medical encyclopedia and dictionary by Miller-Keane, under fluoridation it refers that slight excesses of fluoride are poisonous and it can cause dental fluorosis (mottled discolouration of teeth) and when you look up further down under fluorosis, you can see clearly the irony of the system an enamel hypoplasia resulting from prolonged ingestion of drinking water containing high levels of fluoride". Tests carried out in Victoria in 1976 by the State Water Supply Commission indicated that fluoride is involved in the corrosion of the copper pipes, which causes more poisons leaching into the water. Copper at certain concentrations effects the uptake of essential zinc in the body and can bring on stomach pain, nausea and diarrhoea. Newer office blocks and high stories buildings are more risky, as taps are not regularly used, leaving fluorinated water standing in the copper pipes for longer periods of times, consequently allowing corrosion. As the debate about the safety of fluoride continuous, countries such as Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, Germany and Sweden have terminated its use due to its potential health hazard.

       lead: is another chemical ingredient found in the water that imposes risks to the nervous, circulatory and digestive systems. It is a teratogen, a substance known to cause physical defects in the developing embryo. Chronic exposure, even in small doses, may have serious implications to your well being. Symptoms to be wary of are irritability, nervousness, weight loss, anaemia, stomach crumps, constipation and mental depression. The main source of lead in the water is the plumbing and its corrosion.

       The list of chemicals continues: sodium sillicofluoride slurry, sulphuric acid, sodium hypochlorite solution, calcium oxide, silt, rust, algae, debris, larvae, asbestos (mostly from corroding cement pipe lines), pesticides, herbicides, fertilisers (from agricultural run offs), moulds, fungi, industrial waste, toxic metals, amoebas, clay and silica have all found their way into the water. As if this is not enough, chemical reactions of the different constituents in our drinking chemical and sewage cocktail make things even worse.

       Nitrates from fertilisers when brought in contact with chlorine and ammonia, can turn into nitrites. Nitrites once inside the body combine with amines and form nitrosamines which are highly carcinogenic. Nitrites can interfere with oxygen uptake and since babies are specifically sensitive to this aspect you could not fail to see a possible link between blue baby syndrome and the nitrite factor. 

       According to studies by the state of California, women who drink tap water have twice as many miscarriages and birth defects as those who have filtering devises or are drinking bottled water. Five studies arrived to the same conclusion, according to State Health, Director Kenneth Kizer. This connection now is such a common knowledge that it even  appeared as a passing comment during the movie 'ONE THOUSAND ACRES'.

       Inorganic minerals (minerals not suitable for human consumption) such as calcium carbonate, have their effect. Unable to be assimilated they store in between joints, muscles, bones, nerves, inside arteries and become partners in many crippling dis-eases, such as arthritis, hardening of the arteries, gall stones, kidney stones, gout, tinnitus and perhaps even stroke and neuralgia. Dr Paul C. Bragg in his essay and book 'THE SHOCKING TRUTH ABOUT WATER' argues that the human brain and other body structures will become hardened largely through the use of "chemicalized and inorganically mineralised water".

       Dr E. Banik, in his book 'THE CHOICE IS CLEAR', explains that inorganic minerals coat the crystalline lens of the eye with a fine film, resulting in cataracts. Glaucoma, the dreadful eye disease, can be another result of hard water. The tiny vessels film up with mineral deposits, which results in a build-up pressure in the eye.


       Dr Batmanghelidj talks about the shrinking of the vital organs due to insufficient hydration. Dr Bragg postulates how inorganic minerals in water turns people into 'stones' and advises the use of pure water. John Archer alarms of the dangers and condition of public (sewage) water

       You are what you drink so make sure what you drink is pure'

       Ten  years ago the prospect of drinking only purified or bottled water was a fiction, or a novelty for most people. Nowadays, it is becoming a necessity in maintaining and preserving good health. Finding pure water is becoming more than just food for thought and with our brain being 85 percent water, we better start thinking of the choices. It is my opinion and as well of others that tap water should not be drunk at all if other sources are available. However, if tap water is your only option, then boil the water for a few minutes, expose it to the sun for a while in a clear glass container and then aerate it by pouring it back and forth from one container to another. Keep in mind that boiling will only kill bacteria and that harmful chemicals and minerals will still remain in the water. Rain water it is no longer the best available option with today's pollution. Water is a hungry solvent and as the rain falls, it begins to collect hundreds of potentially harmful substances, such as radioactive isotopes and their degradation products of atomic fission including barium, caesium and strontium from world wide atomic experiments and "accidents" which travel around the atmosphere (<I style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">refer to chart). In addition industrial and exhaust fumes including carbon monoxide, sulphuric acid and lead are collected. That is why the sky looks so clean after a good 'acid' rain.

       Spring water contains those unwanted inorganic minerals and their purity is debatable if you consider the pollution of the soil. So use it sparingly or when nothing else is available. Don't be mislead by claims about the value of inorganic minerals, the body cannot make use of any minerals unless they are derived from the plant kingdom (organic minerals). A well balanced diet will provide an abundance of organic minerals that water never could.  In his book 'New Life Through Nutrition' nutritionist Dr Shelton Deal debates that we should not look to water as our source of minerals. As for the inexpensive supermarket filters they don't eliminate all impurities and toxins (not that it is claimed that they do).

       Reverse  osmosis is by far the most advanced technology for home installation available to the public. It is based on the process by which the human cells diffuse fluids between the intracellular and extracellular spaces, by separating and selectively preventing the passage of solute molecules (through a semipermeable membrane) and allowing the passage of the solvent H2O. Through this process almost all harmful bacteria, minerals and toxins are eliminated. Professional installation and surveillance is necessary for if the membrane is ruptured without your knowledge the final condition of the water could be worse than if it were not filtered.

       Distilled water, contrary to the wide held view that it leaches organic essential minerals and micronutrients from your body, its emptiness works in your favour. It dissolves and eliminates harmful inorganic minerals and toxic waste accumulation. Once the organic nutrients have been absorbed by the cells they cannot be taken away. Is there an inherent intelligentsia behind all this? The answer is yes! after all, what is the animating factor behind all things? but far from being just an esoteric answer, the key lies in the inherent 'instructions' of the human body's filtering system. The kidneys make sure that nothing valuable will be lost, there is a constant recycling,  so even if nutrients were to be 'stolen' they would be returned by the kidneys. Which explains the dark appearance of urine during times of inadequate hydration.  Distillation is achieved by boiling the water, steam then rises and is collected in a condenser where it is stored and cooled. The problem in this process is that together with the steam, percentage of the pollutant gases such fluorine and chlorine are also evaporated over into the condenser. To overcome this problem scientists developed other methods like fragmented distillation  and C.M.D method (Cold Molecular Distillation) amongst others. C.M.D water is available from companies6 specialising in this area and supply water for medical purposes, allergy affected chemical sensitive people, cancer and dialysis patients (were even small traces of contaminants can send the patient into shock) and generally to any one who is seeking good health. C.M.D water contains no solid matter and is solely consisting of two elements, Hydrogen and Oxygen.


       Another important factor is the amount of water necessary for our body to function at its peak performance. Bearing in mind again that your body is about 75 percent water it is easy to understand that water must be your body's most essential daily ingredient. Your body looses each day about 2-3 litters of water through elimination, urination, perspiration and respiration. However, this may increase during illness, high performance, exercise, pregnancy and nursing. The beverages most people choose to consume are often counter-productive in promoting hydration. Coffee, tea, alcohol, soft and sugary drinks are all diuretics and will cause not only the loss of water the are dissolved in, but they will also draw water the bodies reserves. In normal conditions your body needs to replace the fluids it has lost throughout the day. Most of fluids should be replaced by drinking pure water. The rest you should get from fruit, vegetables and their juices. Attention must be given that the elderly and children are meeting their daily requirements. Dry mouth is not the only indication of dehydration, in fact it is the last sign. You need to acquire the habit to drink water even when you think you don't need it and eventually your true thirst mechanisms will be reawaken. Signs to look for that identify with dehydration are constipation, headaches, indigestion, weight gain, fluid retention, dark and pungent urine, and their associated pathologies colitis, kidney stones, bladder and urinary track infections to name only a few.


       Water is involved  in all bodily functions: digestion, assimilation, elimination, respiration, maintaining temperature (homeostasis) integrity and the strength of all bodily structures. Today, the water is polluted with hundreds of toxins and impurities. Authorities only test for a small number of them. Your body, being primarily water, requires sufficient daily water replacement in order to function efficiently. Water treatments, that are aimed to render our drinking water bacteriologically safe, have been proven ineffective and the presence of certain  pathogenic bacteria like giardia and cryptosporidium recently found in Sydney water is just one of the many examples. Viewing the effects of individual chemicals, inorganic minerals and their by-products, you can see a link to today's major diseases. If you drink devitalised, impure water how can you expect vitality and health. Dehydration, due to the offensive taste of the water and the introduction of commercial sugar loaded beverages, has become another contributing factor to dis-ease. The advice of Dr Batmanghelidj to stop treating thirst with medications holds lots of merit. Mineral water may be wonderful to bathe in, however, the presence of inorganic minerals makes it undesirable. Tap water has been proven unsuitable even for showering7. In an article published in the magazine New Scientist, by Ian Anderson  18/9/86, he writes "Showers pose a risk to health". Pure water may become the medicine of the future. 'Oxygen enriched and free of radioactive and chemical compounds' may read on the label of our bottle water in the next millennium.... At this stage Reverse Osmosis and C.M.D water are our best available options.

       Add to this our latest Nikken PiMag Living Water System. With FIR, removal of all the nasties, even Gardia and Cryptosporidium, down to .2 microns, replacement of the trace minerals that we are so desparately short of, then the magnetic coil to complete the proccess.


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Bottled Water Versus Tap Water - With A Free Essay Review

M. G. Garcia 1; J. Staley; Writing 2; 06/ 11/13

Bottled water versus tap water which is better for our health? Is what many of us asked. We have a fascination with bottled water. Somehow, somewhere, someone decided the tap water was not good enough for us, and along came the obsession that water bottled was better for us. Most of us would agree that the argument for drinking bottled water is basically the taste and there are those who believed that bottled water provides a more safe way to consume the water we need. How us consumers make a safe decision in which water to drink with all the controversy there is about which is better?

The argument is not about top versus bottled, but which one is better for us when it comes to our health, are companies really telling us the truth about what’s in it? There was a test done in 1999 by the Natural Resources Defense Council, they use more than 1,000 bottles of 103 different brands, their findings were that at least one of a third of the brands contained some bacteria or chemical contaminants. Jemmott M Janet February 2008. Since that allegation, no major modifications have been made, so the risk is probably still there.

Companies are alarming consumers about how bad tap water is contaminated, and dirty, and these companies themselves are using tap water in their bottling process, they also allege that they use 80% of recycling water bottles but they are only using 30%.

We as consumers need to make sure which companies really use recycling bottles so they do not end up in landfills. According to the Band the Bottle website, plastic bottles contain a chemical that causes depression and dizziness called antimony, large doses of this chemical can lead to death. Tannenbaum, Kiri Feb. 13 2012.

The Drinking Water Inspectors stated that tap water is as good as bottled water and that actually tap water is fresher than bottle because many companies keep their bottles in shelves for years, so when consumers by them water bottles are not as fresh as we think, and we by them because we assume is pure and healthier than ordinary tap water.

Here are some of the pros and cons for bottled water vs. tap water. Obviously a difference in the taste of the two, tap water is not nearly as good as bottled water. According to Dr. Sarah Janssen, of the Natural Resources Defense in San Francisco, bottled water isn’t any safer or pure than what comes out of the tap, in fact is less well-regulated, tap water is also less expensive and more convenient as well. Tap water is federally regulated and often screened for danger pollution. Of course tap water has its own cons. Some water is carried in lead pipes from utilities companies to our homes, which mean lead, can escape from pipes into the water. In some areas, tap water may contain added fluoride, which helps prevent tooth decay and cavities. Most bottled water manufactures in the United States either add fluoride to their product or provide a fluoride bottled water product. The Food and Drug Administration does not require bottled water manufactures to list the fluoride content on the label. Jemmott M Janet, February 20008. The discovery of bad chemicals in bottle and tap water has consumers confuse there is nothing less appealing than metal flavored tap water or plastic tasting bottle water. Most bottled water is really purified tap water and therefore contains equal or lower levels of contaminants as tap water. Bannet Andrea March 2011. The debate weather bottled water is safer than tap water for drinking purposes is still ongoing even with all the safety procedures in place, both tap and bottled water have had their fair share of bad reputation. Even if tap water looks and taste bad it probably poses no immediate health risk, bottled water is usually just purified tap water from which the manufacturer has simply removed off the taste and colors.

In conclusion tap or bottled? All we know is that we all need water to survive and we are desperately looking for what is best for us, we do not drink sufficient water a it is, and with all this confusion often results in putting people off drinking completely top or bottled. Whether you choose bottled water because it is convenient and taste better, or tap water because it is better for the environment and it is also cheaper it’s up to the individual to decide what they believe is best for them base on how much they care to know about water.



The essay is not very well organized, but in my view suffers most from not really having an argument to defend. You begin with a question (a poorly worded question, which needs revision) that is never clearly answered. The essay seems to be focused at the outset on this specific question of whether bottled water or tap water is better for our health. The question is posed again (and poorly worded again) at the end of the first paragraph. And you essentially repeat the question in the beginning of the second paragraph (note that this sentence has a comma splice, and so should be split into two separate sentences).

But the essay is not entirely focused on that question. You spend one part of one paragraph talking about the possible dangers of bottled water, and then one short paragraph on the alleged dangers of tap water, before moving on in the next paragraph to talking about the problem of recycling. Then you return to the question of safety for another short paragraph, before moving on to a long paragraph about the "pros and cons" generally of each type of water. Your final paragraph then begins with a general form of your original question (again poorly worded; "In conclusion tap or bottled?" is not a complete sentence) before giving up and leaving it up to the reader to decide "base[d] on how much they care to know about water." You should probably assume that your reader will have cared to know about water to such an extent that she has gone to the trouble of reading your essay on the subject, and may therefore be disappointed that the essay itself seems to admit that it doesn't provide enough knowledge on the matter for one to make a decision.

The essay, then, lacks argumentative drive, is poorly organized, and comes to a fairly weak conclusion. That's the bad news. The good news is that each of those problems is really rather easy to solve.

First, instead of beginning with a question that you don't intend to answer, begin with a thesis (an arguable claim) the truth of which you intend to prove. Even a banal thesis would give your essay a clear purpose: "it is a mistake to buy bottled water because it is not better for your health than tap water and it is bad for the environment and for one's wallet."

Second, prove your thesis methodically, devote one paragraph to each distinct reason you have for thinking consuming bottled water is a bad idea. You can devote a paragraph to the upside of bottled water as well, of course (it tends to be cold and convenient) as long as you explain that you think the benefits of tap water are more compelling overall. If you do that, and you throw a few neat transitions between paragraphs, then the essay will be well organized and coherent.

So, doing those two things will go a long way towards dramatically improving the essay.

Finally, however, it is worth noting that the writing itself is a bit sloppy; there are numerous comma splices, typographical errors, missing words, misspellings, incomplete sentences, and so on. Write complete sentences, learn about comma splices and how to avoid them from your grammar book, and proofread (that should be worth at least an additional half a grade point).

Best, EJ.

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